Women on the Plinth Catherine Wagley
Us & Them, Now & Then:
Reconstituting Group Material
Travis Diehl
The Offerings of EJ Hill
Ikechukwu Casmir Onyewuenyi
Interview with Jenni Sorkin Carmen Winant
Letter to the Editor Lady Parts, Lady Arts
Launch Party August 19th at Blum and Poe
Object Project
Featuring: Rebecca Morris,
Linda Stark, Alex Olson
Lindsay Preston Zappas
Photos by Jeff McClane
Reviews Mark Bradford
at the Venice Biennale
by Thomas Duncan

Broken Language
at Shulamiit Nazarian
by Angella d'Avignon

Artists of Color
at the Underground Museum
by Matt Stromberg

Anthony Lepore & Michael Henry Hayden
at Del Vaz Projects
by Aaron Horst

by Simone Krug

Analia Saban at
Sprueth Magers
by Hana Cohn
Kanye Westworld Travis Diehl
@richardhawkins01 Thomas Duncan
Support Structures: Alice Könitz and LAMOA Catherine Wagley
Interview with Penny Slinger Eliza Swann
Exquisite L.A.
taisha paggett
Ashley Hunt
Young Chung
Intro by Claressinka Anderson
Portraits by Joe Pugliese
Letter to the Editor
Launch Party
Reviews Alessandro Pessoli
by Jonathan Griffin

Jennie Jieun Lee
by Stuart Krimko

Trisha Baga
by Lindsay Preston Zappas

Jimmie Durham
by Molly Larkey

Parallel City
by Hana Cohn

Jason Rhodes
by Matt Stromberg
Catherine Wagley
Put on a Happy Face:
On Dynasty Handbag
Travis Diehl
The Limits of Animality:
Simone Forti at ISCP
(L.A. in N.Y.)
Ikechukwu Casmir Onyewuenyi
More Wound Than Ruin:
Evaluating the
"Human Condition"
Jessica Simmons
Launch Party
Exquisite L.A.
Brenna Youngblood
Todd Gray
Rafa Esparza
Intro by Claressinka Anderson
Portraits by Joe Pugliese
Reviews Creature by Thomas Duncan
Sam Pulitzer & Peter Wachtler by Stuart Krimko
Karl Haendel by Aaron Horst
Wolfgang Tillmans by Eli Diner
Ma by Claire de Dobay Rifelj
The Rat Bastard Protective Association by Pablo Lopez
Kenneth Tam
's Basement
Travis Diehl
The Female
Cool School
Catherine Wagley
The Rise
of the L.A.
Art Witch
Amanda Yates Garcia
Interview with
Mernet Larsen
Julie Weitz
Agnes Martin
Jessica Simmons
Launch Party Carla Issue 6
Exquisite L.A.
Analia Saban
Ry Rocklen
Sarah Cain
Intro by Claressinka Anderson
Portraits by Joe Pugliese
Made in L.A. 2016
Doug Aitken Electric Earth

Jean-Pascal Flavian and Mika Tajima
Mark A. Rodruigez
The Weeping Line
Molly Larkey, Aaron Horst,
Keith J. Varadi, Katie Bode,
Stuart Krimko, Matt Stromberg
at The Underground Museum
Catherine Wagley
The Art of Birth Carmen Winant
Escape from Bunker Hill
John Knight
Travis Diehl
Ed Boreal Speaks Benjamin Lord
Art Advice (from Men) Sarah Weber
Routine Pleasures
at the MAK Center
Jonathan Griffin
Launch Party Carla Issue 5
Exquisite L.A.
Fay Ray
John Baldessari
Claire Kennedy
Intro by Claressinka Anderson
Portraits by Joe Pugliese
Reviews Hana Cohn, Eli Diner,
Claire De Dobay Rifelj,
Katie Bode, Molly Larkey,
Keith J. Varadi
Moon, laub, and Love Catherine Wagley
Walk Artisanal Jonathan Griffin
Marva Marrow's
Inside the L.A. Artist
Anthony Pearson
Mystery Science Thater
Diana Thater
Aaron Horst
Informal Feminisms Federica Bueti and Jan Verwoert
Marva Marrow Photographs
Lita Albuquerque
Launch Party Carla Issue 4
Interiors and Interiority:
Njideka Akunyili Crosby
Char Jansen
Reviews Claire de Dobay Rifelj,
Matt Stromberg, Hana Cohn,
Lindsay Preston Zappas,
Simone Krug, Keith Vaughn,
Ikechukwu Casmir Onyewuenyi
Le Louvre, Las Vegas Evan Moffitt
iPhones, Flesh,
and the Word
at Arturo Bandini
Lindsay Preston Zappas
Women Talking About Barney Catherine Wagley
Lingua Ignota
Faith Wilding
at The Armory Center
for the Arts
Benjamin Lord
A Conversation
with Amalia Ulman
Char Jansen
How We Practice Carmen Winant
Launch Party Carla Issue 3
Share Your Piece of the Puzzle Federica Bueti
Amanda Ross-Ho Photographs
Erik Frydenborg
Reviews Eli Diner, Jonathan Griffin,
Don Edler, Aaron Horst
Hot Tears Carmen Winant
Slow View:
Molly Larkey
Anna Breininger and Kate Whitlock
Americanicity's Paintings
Orion Martin
at Favorite Goods
Tracy Jeanne Rosenthal
Layers of Leimert Park Catherine Wagley
Junkspace Junk Food
Parker Ito
at Kaldi, Smart Objects,
White Cube, and
Château Shatto
Evan Moffitt
Melrose Hustle Keith Vaughn
Reviews Benjamin Lord, Aaron Horst, Stephen Kent
Top-Down Bottom-Up Jenny Gagalka
Snap Reviews Aaron Horst, Char Jansen, Randy Rice, Lindsay Preston Zappas
Max Maslansky Photographs
Monica Majoli
at the Tom of Finland Foundation
White Lee, Black Lee
William Pope.L’s Reenactor
Travis Diehl
Dora Budor Interview Char Jensen
Metaphysical L.A.
Travis Diehl
Art for Art’s Sake:
L.A. in the 1990s
Anthony Pearson
A Dialogue in Two
Synchronous Atmospheres
Erik Morse
with Alexandra Grant
at François Ghebaly
Jonathan Griffin
#studio #visit
with #devin #kenny
Mateo Tannatt
Jibade-Khalil Huffman
Ben Medansky
I've been a lot of places,
seen so many faces
Nora Slade
Launch Party Carla Issue 1
Slow View:
Discussion on One Work
Anna Breininger
with Julian Rogers
Reviews Tracy Jeanne Rosenthal, Catherine Wagley, Keith Vaughn, Aaron Horst, Kate Wolf, Mateo Tannatt, Evan Moffitt, Cal Siegel
We’re in This Together Lauren Cherry & Max Springer
ARTBOOK @ Hauser & Wirth
Baert Gallery
Cirrus Gallery
Château Shatto
Club Pro
Dalton Warehouse
Elevator Mondays
The Geffen Contemporary 
Ghebaly Gallery
Mistake Room
MOCA Grand Avenue
Monte Vista Projects
Night Gallery
The Box
Wilding Cran Gallery
Boyle Heights/ Chinatown
A.G. Geiger
Chimento Contemporary
Charlie James
Human Resources
Ibid Gallery
Ooga Booga
Ooga Twooga
Parrasch Heijnen Gallery
Museum as Retail Space (MaRS)
Nicodim Gallery
Venus Over Los Angeles
67 Steps
Smart Objects
Skibum MacArthur
18th Street Arts
Ben Maltz Gallery at Otis 
College of Art and Design
Christopher Grimes Gallery
DXIX Projects
Five Car Garage
Team (Bungalow)
Pasadena/ Glendale/ Valley
The Armory Center for the Arts
The Pit
Los Angeles Valley College
The Art Gallery @ GCC
1301 PE
Big Pictures Los Angeles
California African American Museum
Chainlink Gallery
Commonwealth & Council
David Kordansky Gallery
Kayne Griffin Corcoran
ltd Los Angeles
Marc Foxx
Shoot the Lobster
Ochi Projects
Park View
The Landing
The Underground Museum
USC Fisher Museum of Art
Visitor Welcome Center
Culver City
Anat Ebgi
Arcana Books
Blum & Poe
Cherry and Martin
Honor Fraser
Klowden Mann
Luis De Jesus
Roberts and Tilton
Susanne Vielmetter
Diane Rosenstein
Family Books
Hannah Hoffman
Nino Mier Gallery
Moskowitz Bayse
Noysky Projects
Regen Projects
Shulamit Nazarian
Various Small Fires
South Bay
Grab Bag Studios
The Torrance Art Museum
Elsewhere in CA
Alter Space (San Francisco)
City Limits (Oakland)
Et al. (San Francisco)
Ever Gold Projects (San Francisco)
fused space (San Francisco)
Gym Standard (San Diego)
Helmuth Projects (San Diego)
Interface Gallery (Oakland)
Jessica Silverman (San Francisco)
Left Field (San Luis Obispo)
San Diego Art Institute (San Diego)
Verve Center for the Arts (Sacramento)
Wattis Institute for Contemporary Art (San Francisco)
Non CA
Artbook @ MoMA PS1 (Long Island City, NY)
Editions Kavi Gupta (Chicago, IL)
Good Weather (North Little Rock, AK)
Nationale (Portland, OR)
Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture (Skowhegan, ME)
Small Editions (Brooklyn, NY)
Space 42 (Jacksonville, FL)
Spoonbill & Sugartown (Brooklyn, NY)
Ulises (Philadelphia, PA)
Libraries/ Collections
Bard College, Center for Curatorial Studies Library (Annandale-on-Hudson, NY)
CalArts (Valencia, CA)
Cranbrook Academy of Art (Bloomfield Hills, MI)
El 123 (México City, MX)
John M. Flaxman Library at SAIC (Chicago, IL)
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Research Library (Los Angeles, CA)
Los Angeles Contemporary Archive (Los Angeles, CA)
Marpha Foundation (Marpha, Nepal)
Maryland Institute College of Art, The Decker Library (Baltimore, MD)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library (New York, NY)
Midway Contemporary Art (Minneapolis, MN)
Pepperdine University (Malibu, CA)
Point Loma Nazarene University (San Diego, CA)
School of the Art Institute of Chicago, John M. Flaxman Library (Chicago, IL)
Scholes Library, NYS College of Ceramics at Alfred University (Alfred, NY)
Skowhegan Archives (New York, NY)
Sotheby’s Institute of Art (New York, NY)
Telfair Museum (Savannah, GA)
USC Fisher Museum of Art (Los Angeles, CA)
Walker Art Center (Minneapolis, MN)
Whitney Museum of American Art, Frances Mulhall Achilles Library (New York, NY)
Yale University Library (New Haven, CT)

Tongues Untied
at MOCA Pacific Design Center

Production still from Marlon Riggs, Tongues Untied (1989). Video. Image courtesy of Signifyin’ Works.

Marlon Riggs, film still from Tongues Untied (1989). Video. Image courtesy of Signifyin’ Works.

It’s easy these days to forget the strange confluence of cultural factors which brought gay rights into the American mainstream. Chief among these is the AIDS epidemic which, at its peak not so long ago, terrorized and polarized the American public. Art and entertainment created in response to the epidemic played a crucial role in increasing its visibility: in the late ‘80s and early ‘90s, you might have learned about AIDS through Rock Hudson, Magic Johnson, the B-52s, Robert Mapplethorpe, Life Goes On, or all five (as I did). The artists of this time period—many politically demonized, like Mapplethorpe, David Wojnarowicz, and Karen Finley—created work relentless in its exposing of societally-sanctioned homophobia and visceral in its processing of personal and public grief, confusion and anger.

It should surprise no one that art of the AIDS crisis is currently undergoing reappraisal and canonization (and I’m sure rising in sales price). That it is happening twenty-odd years after the fact keeps with the structure of historical impulse; revisiting only after the cool remove of temporal distance.

Welcome though this belated recognition may be, it leaves me suspicious. And so I entered MOCA’s Tongues Untied warily, while appreciating the timeliness of this exhibition occurring at a moment when casual misuse of PrEP and the recession of AIDS as a death sentence threaten the hard-won gains of the safe sex movement.

MOCA’s exhibition trades survey for snapshot, focusing on works shown at MOCA during the peak of the AIDS crisis. In doing so, Tongues Untied evinces a smattering of voices rather than a cohesive identity—mirroring an essential characteristic of the political dimensions infusing much of the work on display. The potent cocktail of politics, anger, mortality, and impotence in the face of a monolithic illness (and a largely indifferent America) produced a polemicized art which fused sexuality, scatology, and the funereal.

Nan Goldin, Empty beds, Boston (1979). Cibachrome print, 17 5/8 x 21 5/8 inches. Image courtesy of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, The Nimoy Family Foundation.

Nan Goldin, Empty beds, Boston (1979). Cibachrome print, 17 5/8 x 21 5/8 inches. Image courtesy of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, The Nimoy Family Foundation.

So what of the politics? Gran Fury’s aggressive reworking of the language of propaganda display adjacent to a recording of Ron Vawter’s searing monologue on the subject of homophobic lawyer (and early AIDS victim) Roy Cohn (1995). Elsewhere, Adam Rolston takes Prince’s “pocket full of horses” a few steps further, stacking entire boxes full of (now-expired) Trojans on the gallery floor. In the near-artless purity of its safe-sex politics, Rolston’s and Gran Fury’s work provide both contrast and context for the subtleties of much of the exhibition’s remaining work.

John Boskovich and Nan Goldin each reject the presentation of the AIDS victim as a sanitized martyr, instead portraying their outcast subjects as messy, contradictory, and occasionally transcendent. In so doing, Goldin and Boskovich portray the interior and social worlds of their subjects without apology and with grace rather than stridence. Goldin’s photographs of rumpled bed sheets and graffiti skeletons getting it on allude much more than they declare. Boskovich is both more aggressive and more subjective at once, capturing drug use, sex, Valley of the Dolls and a host of other minor events unfolding in the small hours of the night.

Felix Gonzales-Torres goes even further, pushing beyond the figurative in the oblique, minimal animism of Untitled (A Corner of Baci) (1991) and the gentle, poignant allusion of Untitled (March 5th) #2 (1991). The latter consists of two 40-watt light bulbs hanging side by side, their cords trailing down and over to the nearest outlet. Positioned at the top of a staircase, this piece lends itself to a variety of readings: as testicles (figuratively), as the provider of intimate incandescence for an upstairs room (the site of potentially lurid happenings), as two bodies transfigured into everyday objects that still retain body-like warmth. Gonzales-Torres skirts the rim of direct meaning despite the aching simplicity of his material palette.

Production still from Marlon Riggs, Tongues Untied (1989). Video. Image courtesy of Signifyin’ Works.

Marlon Riggs, film still from Tongues Untied (1989). Video. Image courtesy of Signifyin’ Works.

It is Karen Finley who provides the exhibition with a striking and singular balance between the political and the aesthetic, particularly in The Black Sheep (1990). On two cast bronze panels a long poem is inscribed, reading as both an organizing philosophy and a valedictory address to the “black sheep” community of AIDS victims and their loved ones. The panels are the sort you might see in a corporate lobby listing bigwig donors, their cast names heavy, present, important. In Finley’s hands, the simultaneous gravity and familiarity of this material becomes imbued with particular resonance, directly and powerfully addressing dignity, dying and the prejudice of her contemporary moment:

Sometimes, some Black Sheep are chosen to die

so loved ones, families, countries and cultures can finally say

Your life was worth living

Your life meant something to me![1]

Similarly, the exhibition’s video centerpiece, Marlon Riggs’ Tongues Untied, interweaves direct address with nuance, and poetics with blunt, sometimes wooden politics. Riggs’s voice-over poignantly asks, “Where is my reflection?” (In the media, as I pass away?). As a black gay man, Riggs did not see himself reflected in his own community or the larger public. In the unevenness of Tongues Untied—in its protests, doo-wop singers, street-voguing men, and ponderous, singular rumination—Riggs captured a crucial quality of life as experienced through art: its miraculous paradox and selective clarity. Tongues Untied acts as a nagging voice throughout the rest of the exhibition (literally—you can hear it from every corner), a veering, wandering reminder of the search for “simple shameless brazen truth.”[2]

That the AIDS epidemic’s massive death toll acted as the catalyst for both great art and expanded gay rights is, perhaps, the silver lining of catastrophe. Ultimately, the social repercussions of AIDS and of public indifference to the crisis often overwhelms contemporary artworks yoked to the twin bridle of politics and aesthetics. In 1992, United Colors of Benetton ran a highly controversial ad, Pieta[3], showing dying AIDS activist David Kirby surrounded by family in his hospital room. The photograph is striking and strange, Kirby’s lifeless, wooden appearance contrasted with the middle-American averageness of his grieving family. The power of its politics and its artistry, however, are undermined in an oily manner by the appearance of the United Colors of Benetton logo, the ad’s only text. That the ad raises awareness of a deadly illness as it draws one’s awareness to a particular brand is central to its arresting disquiet.

Tongues Untied, though less unruly in its stew of politics and art, does its works a great service simply by allowing them to be heard, seen and experienced. The preciousness of the work, particularly as an outcome of its relegation to a specific and always-receding historical moment, fuse with the candor and rage of its politics. The politics of Tongues Untied which feel inarguable, even exhausting now, were anything but at the time, and herein lies the exhibition’s major strength: the quiet framing of a moment not so long ago that somehow feels very different from our own.


[1] Karen Finley, The Black Sheep, 1990. Two bronze plaques, each 40” x 24 1/8” x 1/2”

[2] Marlon Riggs, Tongues Untied, 1989. Video, color and sound, 55:00 minutes. Courtesy of Frameline.

[3] Pieta refers to highly dramatic religious iconography showing Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus.

Tongues Untied was on view from June 9–September 13, 2015 at MOCA Pacific Design Center.

Originally Published in Carla Issue 2